Female – a Simple ultrasound to understand any structural issues; Blood/Urine test, an ultrasonography to identify any functional issues. Detailed review may include-
- Daily measurement of body temperature
- A home ovulation predictor kit
- Blood or urine tests
Doctors ask women to describe their menstrual periods (menstrual history). Based on this information, doctors may be able to determine whether women are ovulating.
Male – Sperm and Semen analysis to checks sperm count, their shape, movement, and other characteristics.
Sperm and Semen Analysis
A trained specialist would check the sperm count, shape, movement, and other important characteristics. In general, if someone has a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, that would mean they have higher fertility. But there can be number of exceptions to factor. A lot of males with low sperm counts or abnormal semen may still be fertile.
If the first semen analysis is normal, the doctor may ask for a second test to reconfirm the results. Two normal results would normally mean that a person does not have any significant infertility problems. If someone does not have any semen or sperm at all, it may be because of a blockage which can be corrected with a surgery.
It can find varicoceles — abnormal formations of veins above the testicle. This can be corrected with surgery.
Testosterone and other hormones control the making of sperm. Specialist in the field disagree as to how detailed analysis should be done for hormonal causes of infertility.